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Someday: The long fight for a female president

Someday: The long fight for a female president

INTERVIEWER: For all practical purposes, do
you think a woman in the United States today can actually be nominated on the ticket as
president? CHISHOLM: Because how dare you? Have you forgotten that you are a woman? SCHROEDER: If I had to say that all of America
was ready, uhhhh no. It’s not quite there yet. CLINTON: Well this isn’t the party I planned,
but I sure like the company. INTERVIEWER: For all practical purposes, do
you think a woman in the United States today can actually be nominated on the ticket as
president? CHISHOLM: Because how dare you? Have you forgotten
that you are a woman? SCHROEDER: If I had to say that all of America
was ready, uhhhh no. It’s not quite there yet. CLINTON: Well this isn’t the party I planned,
but I sure like the company. CLINTON: Now, I — I know — I know we have
still not shattered that highest and hardest glass ceiling, but some day someone will and
hopefully sooner than we might think right now. MARGARET CHASE SMITH: There are those that
make the contention that no woman should ever dare to aspire to the White House, that this
is a man’s world and that it should be kept that way. Margaret Chase Smith was the first Republican
woman to run for president. She was a three-term senator from Maine. QUESTION: Who will be your running mate? SMITH: None of the announced candidates have
indicated any desire. The day she announced, Washington Post columnists
had already dubbed her campaign “non-serious.” NATIVIDAD: The idea of a woman running for
President of the United States wasn’t taken seriously Smith had spent the previous 24 years in Congress,
initially elected to her husband’s seat when he died. But around the country, opportunities for
women to enter male-dominated jobs were shrinking after WW2. NATIVIDAD: Rosie the Riveter had to go back
home and start making dinner again. Women gained traction, if you will, as workers,
but then the men came back and there was an understanding that they had to be employed. O’NEILL: There was no organized women’s
movement there to fight for them and this is why the 1950s women’s rights went into
a deep, really a deep crater. DEBBIE REYNOLDS: Don’t you think marriage
is just the most important thing in the world? I mean a woman isn’t really a woman at all
until she’s married and had children. This was the era when the National Weather
Service started giving hurricanes female names and when airline stewardesses were fired when
they turned 32. For two decades, there was little change in
the percentage of Americans who said they would vote for a female presidential candidate
if she was qualified. That stagnation coincided with a broad effort
to reassert traditional gender roles as part of the ideological battles of the Cold War. LEAVE IT TO BEAVER: They say a woman’s place
is in the home and I suppose as long as she’s in the home, she might as well be in the kitchen. It had become popular for Freudian psychologists
to blame working women for society’s ills. NARRATOR: Everywhere children with working
parents are being left without adequate supervision or restraint. FARNHAM: Catastrophic social forces have propelled
American women away from femininity and into careers a terrific cost to themselves and
society. Political operatives were able to leverage
these trends to end the career of Minnesota Congresswoman Coya Knutson in 1958. She lost her re-election after they arranged
for her estranged husband to publish a letter asking for her to come home and care for their
family. And those women who somehow managed to get
a law degree at that time faced open discrimination when they graduated. SANDRA DAY O’CONNOR: I called at least 40
of those firms asking for an interview and not one of them would give me an interview.
I was a woman and they said we don’t hire women. When the women’s liberation movement got
up and running in the late 60s and in the 70s, the early priorities were fighting job
discrimination and securing equal rights in the law. During this time, the number of women in Congress
barely changed, but the Democratic party saw a female presidential candidate in Shirley
Chisholm, a Congresswoman from New York. CHISHOLM: I stand before you today as a candidate
for the Democratic nomination for presidency of the United States of America. O’NEILL: She was a truly feminist, anti-racist
lawmaker. CHISHOLM: I believe we are intelligent enough
to recognize the talent, energy and dedication which all Americans, including women and minorities
have to offer. Chisholm was one of the prominent feminists
who created the National Women’s Political Caucus in 1971, with the goal of electing
more women to Congress. In response, the Secretary of State at the time reportedly joked with
President Nixon that the women resembled “a burlesque.” By 1977, fully half of the country still agreed
with the statement that most men are better suited emotionally for politics than most
women. INTERVIEWER: You both have combined, it seems
to me very successfully, marriage and politics. What do you say to people that say the two
are incompatible. How have you done this? MINK: Well I think that’s probably the most
offensive question that’s ever asked, because I truly believe that men and women are equal.
And I’ve never heard anyone ask a man, how has it been on your family? I mean, it’s
seldom asked. MALCOLM: We had made very little progress
from the dawn of the women’s movement. In fact Democratic women had lost seats in the
House. Nevertheless, in 1984 women’s groups convinced
the Democratic presidential candidate to choose a Congresswoman as his running mate. MONDALE: I looked for the best vice president
and I found her in Gerry Ferraro. NATIVIDAD: Oh, I thought our lives would change. FERRARO: If we can do this, we can do anything. MALCOLM: Women were coming out in record numbers,
and they would bring their children and hold their babies up, and show their daughters
what it would be like to have a woman running for vice president. NATIVIDAD: Everything will be different after
this. It wasn’t. MEET THE PRESS: Geraldine Ferraro, the Democrat
who wants to be vice president. Ms. Ferraro, could you push the nuclear button? BUSH: Let me help you with the difference,
Ms. Ferraro, between Iran and the embassy in Lebanon. FERRARO: Let me just say, first of all, that
I almost resent, Vice President Bush, your patronizing attitude that you have to teach
me about foreign policy. The majority of women, like the majority of
men, voted for the popular incumbent president that year. It would be more than two decades before one
of the major parties nominated another woman for vice president. In the 1980s women caught up to men in college
enrollment, and they’d surpassed them in voter turnout rates in presidential elections. But the public and the press still didn’t
know what to make of women seeking elected office, as Congresswoman Patricia Schroeder
found when she briefly considered running for president in the 1988 election. SCHROEDER: The first thing you always get
is, ‘Well you don’t look presidential.’ My answer was always ‘I know that. There’s
never been a president of the United States that looks like me. I find that regrettable.
But, you know.’ O’NEILL: When she announced that she was
ending or suspending her campaign — it was clear that she was not going to win in the
primaries — you know, she became emotional just for a moment. SCHROEDER: I could not figure out how to run
and not be separated from those I serve. There must be a way but I haven’t figured it out
yet. O’NEILL: She was roundly pilloried. ‘Oh,
this proves it, women are too soft. Women are too emotional.’ And you know, the impact
on Congresswoman Schroeder was not very great. I’ve met her, she’s an an amazingly tough,
optimistic, extraordinary person. The impact was on bystander women who might have been
thinking that they might want to run. Women running for office faced a double bind.
They had to appear tough enough to lead, but if they were too tough or too confident, they
violated norms about how women are supposed to behave. This is how the Washington Post described
Barbara Mikulski after she became one of two women in the Senate in 1986. MALCOLM: There was one Republican, Nancy Kassebaum,
and Senator Mikulski, and 98 men. Malcolm’s new fundraising organization,
EMILY’s List had helped make Mikulski a credible candidate. Together they set out
to bring more Democratic women to Congress, and they got a boost when law professor Anita
Hill was called to testify about a Supreme Court Nominee. NEWS 4: Clarence Thomas called Anita Hill
a liar. Hill says Thomas sexually harassed her and she passed a lie detector test. O’NEILL: The all-male panel doing the hearings
for Clarence Thomas decided to simply attack her. HEFLIN: Are you a scorned woman? SIMPSON: I would think that these things with
you describe are so repugnant that you would never have talked to him again, and that is
the most contradictory and puzzling thing for me. O’NEILL: What Anita Hill was describing
was absolutely resonant with what so many women had experienced in their own lifetime.
They knew she was telling the truth. MALCOLM: Women were furious. And when they
found out there were only two women in the Senate, they decided they were going to do
something about it. And they did. CBS NEWS: They’re calling it the Year of
the Woman. What impact will it have on Congress? JORDAN: And what we see today is simply a
dress rehearsal for the day and time we meet in convention to nominate madam president. O’NEILL: For the first time in the United
States House of Representatives, the number of women increased to fully 10 percent. The 1992 election brought in 24 congresswomen
and 4 female senators. MIKULSKI: Some women spend their life looking
out the window for Prince Charming. I’ve been waiting six years for new women to come
to the United States Senate. MOSELEY-BRAUN: And I was telling the students
at the time that eight women had been elected to the United States Senate. And one little
girl looked at me and said, ‘Is that all?’ Her universe, her world showed her the possibilities
and that is the progress that we have achieved. While women continued to make slow but steady
gains in Congress, lack of money and party support prevented female candidates from making
credible bids at a presidential nomination. DOLE: I think what we’ve done is pave the
way for the person who will be the first woman president. MOSELEY-BRAUN: We are committed to opening
up our democracy. We will get there one day. So when Hillary Clinton entered the 2008 primaries
as the presumptive front-runner, it was utterly unprecedented. COURIC: If it’s not you, how disappointed
will you be? CLINTON: Well, it will be me. Like Congressional candidates in the 80s and
90s, Clinton’s strategy was to campaign as any man would, emphasizing strength and
minimizing gender. O’NEILL: Her advisers were absolutely determined
to downplay that. CAMPAIGN AD: If we have the will, she has
the strength. If we have the conviction, she has the experience. MALCOLM: It was a 1990s strategy, because
certainly in the early days, that’s  what we had to do with candidates. O’NEILL: I think it started changing at
the end of the primaries in 2008. CLINTON: But I am a woman and, like millions
of women, I know there are still barriers and biases out there, often unconscious. Her attempt to run a genderless campaign didn’t
keep sexism out of the election. CARLSON: That is so perfect, because I have
often said when she comes on television, I involuntarily cross my legs. CAFFERTY: She morphed into a scolding mother BARNICLE: Looking like everyone’s first
wife standing outside a probate court by the time of her concession speech, Clinton
seemed to recognize that her supporters didn’t want to ignore gender. O’NEILL: I had managed to somehow get on
a platform so I could actually see her from very far away. And what was really striking
to me is I’m looking around and many, many, many women in tears. CLINTON: Although we weren’t able to shatter
that highest, hardest glass ceiling this time, thanks to you, it’s got about 18 million cracks
in it, and the light is shining through like never before, filling us all with the hope
and the sure knowledge that the path will be a little easier next time. Eight years later, Clinton’s openly campaigned
on her experiences as a woman. CLINTON: Look, I’m not asking people to
vote for me because I’m a woman. But I think if you vote for somebody on the merits, one
of my merits is I’m a woman and I think that makes a big difference in this world. Oddly, the first woman to come close to the
presidency faced an openly sexist opponent. TRUMP: You know, you could see there was blood
coming out of her eyes, blood coming out of her…wherever. CNN: “Look at that face,” he cries, “Would
anybody vote for that? Can you imagine that? The face of our next president? I mean she’s
a woman. I’m not supposed to say bad things but really, folks, come on, are we serious?” HOLT: Earlier this month you said she doesn’t
have, quote, a presidential look. She’s standing here right now. What did you mean
by that? TRUMP: She doesn’t have the look. She doesn’t
have the stamina. But women have never voted as a unified block. MSNBC: The exit polls, sir, shows that Trump
did better with women than expected. For example, white women ages 45-64. Trump won by 19 points
there. So how much longer will it be?  That depends
on how many women are in the pipeline. LAWLESS:  We just don’t have that many
women in the Senate or in governors’ mansions and those are the two most likely paths to
the presidency. The focus on the presidential race can obscure
the fact that women who run for Congress and governor are just as likely as men to win.
The problem is fewer women are running. LAWLESS: We identified a national sample of
lawyers, business leaders, educators and political activists. And across the board there was
about a 16 point gender gap in political ambition. They’ve done this survey twice and the gap
didn’t shrink between 2001 and 2011. When asked to assess their qualifications
for public office, the women rated themselves lower than men. HALEY: We second-guess ourselves. We always
try to say well what if this happens or what if I’m not ready or what if I don’t know
enough. And that’s where women hold themselves back. The confidence gap between men and women is
a broad societal problem, but there’s one easy way to continue working toward gender
parity in politics. LAWLESS: Women are less likely than men to
be recruited or encouraged to run for office. And when women and men get that encouragement,
get that boost, they’re far more likely to throw their hats into the ring. MALCOLM: There’s a lot of ways we can find
support for you, but we need your leadership and your intelligence and your hard work to
make this democracy work. So think about it. Maybe you should be running for office. NATIVIDAD: All the rights that we have are
tenuous. It depends on administration, it depends on current politicians. It depends
on memory. So be vigilant. Be the voice for change. Don’t just be a recipient of it. CLINTON: You will have successes and setbacks,
too. This loss hurts. But please, never stop believing that fighting for what’s right
is worth it.

  • I see lots of comments to the effect of "I would have been happy to vote for a woman, but not Hillary". Some talk about honesty, intelligence and being free of corporate interests. If they didn't vote for Hillary then they must have voted for… Trump? Go figure.

  • The comment section is mostly people saying they vote for someone they believe in and not just based on gender. But what I understand from the video was that these women who ran or tried to run were capable womens but ultimately were never taken seriously. This is still very much the case today.

  • Watching these women made me feel so uplifted: Keeping fighting, keep going. These women are intelligent and strong and brave. And I’m happy that we got to see a candidate almost get there. Because it means we’re almost there.

  • I have to admit, I’m LOVING this comment section. “Progressive” (ugh…) goofballs and the douchebag trolls who love to troll them. ?

  • Love the Video, but Gender Does Not Matter! I am sure a Woman could be elected…..Just not on the principle that she is a Woman! Worrie more on the Political Platform and not so much the Gender!

  • A good factual video: exists
    Meninists: nOt AlL mEn!!1!11!1!!!!111!! sEXISTTSTSFSTSTDSFTBCH!!11!1!!111!!!1!1!1!!!1!

  • 3:58 then she wouldn't be a Democrat if she was "anti-racist" the democrats funded the KKK, founded the confederacy, and killed the Republican Lincoln for abolishing slavery.

  • My grandma says she voted for Trump even though she didn't like him because she thinks that women aren't capable enough to be president smh?

  • I want a good president not a female one if a good president is female then so be it if a good president is not female i dont care.

  • If you think America is more Racist than Misogynist, consider the fact that Black Men were able to vote 50 years before Women were able to. Let's hope we won't have to wait 50 years between Obama and a female president…

  • Pat Schroeder's tears are the living proof of female empathy, and how it's incredibly superior to that of men. If we want peace, progress, freedom and equality, we must let women enter the political arena and challenge the greed, egoism and indifference that men have displayed for thousands of years!!!

  • Why should gender be an issue at all? Here in Australia we had a female Prime Minister—she was hopeless. Britain has a female Prime Minister–she's hopeless too. Women can screw up at least as easily as men, so why wish for one to lead you when there's clearly no intrinsic advantage? I.Q stats tell us that it's more or less an equal race, except that there are more brilliant/genius men than women (as well as more dolts). We should be wishing for one of those brilliant men rather than just any old woman because she is a woman.

  • you shouldnt be voting on people's gender however i dont think you need to dislike the video just because of that fact what they are trying to show here is the oppression of women in politics and how they have progressed over time

  • I remember waking up the morning of the 2016 election. The entire day, my mom, my grandma, and our close family friends were confident we would wake up with a female president. That night, we woke up at 3 am to fireworks and gunshots over the small lake we lived on. I was in 6th grade, and I remember tying my shoes as my mom walked out in her Hillary shirt and in tears, telling us that Trump had won. As I walked into my small, rural elementary school, half the school was gone, or looked defeated, and the other half looked proud. My best friend was gone. I later found out that her and her family had stayed home, crying, and worrying about the future. I hope the day the glass ceiling is broke comes soon, and young girls will be able to say "I want to run for president" and see a role model in office

  • The reason why Democrats appointed a female for vice president, it was because they were desperate to win against Ronald Reagan in the 1984 elections. If it wasn’t for that, you wouldn’t have female Vice President.

  • Hilary lost against the laughable Trump.
    Because she embraces crazy identarian politics. Everyone should be judged as an individual. She made a fatal error and lost to the Orange Man.

  • Get  a freaking clue  their will never ever be a woman President and  their should not be.  The Shadow Govt.  will never allow it.  Just like they  will never allow a woman in their Bohemian Grove club.  You  will  never see    a lot of  women  protesting  outside that place because the ones that organize those large events no  they will be swimming with the fish if they do or hanging from  a rope.

  • This video is staggeringly sexist. We need an effective human President. It literally does NOT MATTER what sex that person is. If women had what it takes they'd be there by now. By the way; my so-called leader Theresa May is utterly useless despite being a woman!

  • I will vote someone I like rather than because of their gender. Why all 45 Presdients are Men? bcz there were no female nominees most people agreed with. I still want Bernie Sanders and if their is a woman similar to Bernie in terms of promises and ideology or someone better, i have no problem to support her.

  • All progressives are corporate sell outs and all conservatives are the same, sorry fellas but the enemy keeps winning and we the working class keep losing, simple really.

  • I know I'll get flack for this but it annoys me that Palin is sort of skimmed over here. Regardless of what you think of her qualifications or intelligence, I think it speaks to the argument that women do not vote in a monolithic bloc that both she and Clinton lost the "woman vote" in 2008 and 2016 respectively – at the same time the very concept of a "woman President" as something plausible and in the realm of real possibility formed from seeing two very different women in the same year putting themselves forward to be considered for President (or in Palin's case VP). But very ironically, Palin is also seen as the pre-cursor to Donald Trump, who seemed to be borrowing from her populist playbook of grievance politics, dog whistling, and harsh rhetoric, and ultimately defeated Hillary, the first female nominee (and of course Palin was one of his earliest endorsers). I just find the intersectionality to be so fascinating

  • Tulsi 2028. After Bernie's 8 years. And to be clear I would take Tulsi over Bernie but because of age and the fact that people like Bernie and Tulsi are so rare, especially in politics, I would choose Bernie over Tulsi.

  • Do I think women need to stay home and take care of the kids? No.Do I think someone needs to stay home and take care of the kids? Yes.I don't care who does it, kids need parental engagement.

  • I honestly dont care if its a women if anything it would be a good thing. But just dont vote for someone just because their a women

  • Hi im a Republican so im immediately labeled a sexist but If Donald Trump cant run I would vote for Nikki Haley.

  • In 1872 Victoria Woodhull ran for President of the USA, so the struggle has lasted way longer than presented in this video.

  • If a woman was too tough, she violated the norms of being a woman. If she was too simple, then she lacked the strength of leading. Hmmm? then what was she to do?

  • Here in Ireland we had two women presidents Mary Robinson (1990-1997) & Mary McAleese (1997-2011) I still can't understand why America hasn't had one.

  • I hope that the first woman president will be the most conservative president ever and I hope that it will be a woman that helps overturning Roe vs Wade. Amy Coney Barret!!!

  • Can't wait to see all the MAGAs come here and be like "Congrats! You got your wish in President Haley!"

  • Tbh I don't want to vote. If you say "Oh, I voted" you're going to get in a needless argument with someone.

  • When the right woman comes along Americans will elect her. But keep bringing despicable women like Hillary and Harris and you can forget it.

  • i would never vote a woman for us president, EVEN IF IT WAS A RELATIVE.

  • People are saying down in the comments that they would only vote for someone they agree with, and we should never vote for woman on the basis of her being a woman. Well, i am saying that you have missed the entire point. Vox is only having the conversation on women deserving to be president, ALREADY GIVEN they have every bit as qualified, every bit as deserving to lead as a man running for president.

    ‘i am not asking for you to vote for me because im a woman. But i am asking you to vote for me based on my merits. And i believe that one of those merits is that im a woman.’

    And, looking at the sad excuse for a president we have today, can you really say with yr whole heart that trump is more qualified than Hilary Clinton for the President of the United States? Now, I am only making the comparison between her and Trump because they RAN for the presidency at the same time. I am not saying that Hillary is perfect, or that she is the best example of a woman for president, as she has made some mistakes, but we are only human arent we? But looking at Trumps Mistakes, if they can be labelled as mistakes at all, Hillary’s look abysmally small.

  • ''Why all 45 American presidents are men''.

    hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm……………………………………… wy would that be

  • A genderless campaign !!!! Glass ceiling, Glass ceiling, Glass ceiling. – One of my mirage is women.

  • Jesus Christ, women are not discouraged from pursuing a career in politics, they just don't want one. Deal with it

  • I am so proud to say that we already had a Women Prime Minster in the 1975’s Indhira Gandhi

    Also she the only prime minister who declared state of emergency became a dictator and oppressed everyone

  • Bernie Sanders 2020 even though I’m Canadian if you want things to go back to the way they were before Trump vote for Joe Biden if you want progressive change vote for Bernie Sanders

  • I love the fact that america call it self the land of oppinitistese(yeah i know that's not the spelling get over it) but countries like Denmark and the UK allready have had two women as prime minister

  • So your sexest…. you would vote for a crooke and scumbags but you would vote for them just because they are a women…thats sexest …

  • USA still doesnt have a president since 2016. Its been an empty seat. Cannot wait to have a President again in 2020. 😉

  • I think a woman could be a good President.. But I will not vote bc it's a woman and should be given the chance. That's idiotic and dangerous. Not to mention HRC would have been the worst possible option ever! Obama had said himself, he didn't think she was the right choice for President, but endorsed her anyway..

  • this is a wonderful video. thank you. I'm like, on the verge of tears and unable to breathe, LOL… but it's still good to see how far we've come in even 20 years.

  • I always think it's funny when people bring up women being too emotional for politics. Almost every war EVER was started by men. If flying into rage and attacking another country – to threaten violence because you couldn't come to a better solution – isn't the most emotionally charged thing I've ever heard, I don't what is.

  • What shocks me is that 10% more of white women voted for Trump. I’m a white woman, and I don’t understand how you could vote for someone who was so misogynistic & disrespect towards women. And yet over HALF of all white women voted for him!!! I don’t understand!

  • People dont understand that the most important thing to have as a leader is empathy! Why don’t people understand this.

  • Oh please stop with this. Being president is an important job. It’s not a game where you cam just say “Hey it’s my turn”. We all should vote for the right candidate.

  • There were only 44 presidents of the US. You accidentally counted one person twice. If we did that in the UK, we would have about 10 more Prime Ministers.

  • So the comment section tells me that in all these years since the great elections in the U.S. commenced. None produced a woman with the required qualities to become the president of America.
    That's really a shame!!!

  • What if America never has a women as president and we all just elect qualified people regardless of anything other then their abilities. The idea that just being a women will get you a boost or deter votes in an election is unfortunate.

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